Bangkok (formerly Bang Makok) was until the foundation of the capital city on the west bank of the Chao Phraya River, a mere village. In 1782, King Rama left on the east bank to build a palace and the city renamed Krung Thep, under which the Thais know Bangkok today.
Pattaya is a city in Thailand, a beach resort popular with tourists and expatriates. It is located on the east coast of the Gulf of Thailand, about 100 kilometres (62 mi) southeast of Bangkok within but not part of Amphoe Bang Lamung (Banglamung) in the province of Chonburi.
The name Pattaya evolved from the march of Phraya Tak (later King Taksin) and his army from Ayutthaya to Chanthaburi, which took place before the fall of the former capital to the Burmese invaders in 1767.
When his army arrived at the vicinity of what is now Pattaya, Phraya Tak encountered the troops of a local leader named Nai Klom, who tried to intercept him. When the two met face to face, Nai Klom was impressed by Phraya Tak’s dignified manner and his army’s strict discipline. He surrendered without a fight and joined his forces. The place the armies confronted each other was thereafter known as ‘Thap Phraya’, which means the Army of the Phraya. This later became Pattaya, the name of the wind blowing from the southwest to the northeast at the beginning of the rainy season.
Pattaya remained a small fishing village until the 1960s. Then American servicemen during the Vietnam War began arriving in Pattaya for rest and relaxation. Pattaya developed into a popular beach resort; now greatly expanded, it attracts over 4 million visitors a year. Fishermens’ huts along the beach were replaced by resort hotels and retail stores. From one of the world’s most renowned party & nightlife destinations Pattaya City is trying hard to clean up its image to a hard selling family-oriented seaside destination.