Tour of Olomouc City
- The Holy Trinity Column
The Holy Trinity Column in Olomouc is the largest group of Baroque statues within a single sculptural monument in Central Europe.
The column reaches a height of 35 metres and its lower part houses a chapel. The sculptural decoration is made of 18 stone sculptures of saints, 12 light-bearers and 6 relief busts of the apostles. The column is dominated by gilded copper sculptures of the Holy Trinity on the top and the Assumption of the Virgin beneath it. The larger-than-life figures are enveloped in light, airy drapery with lively expressions on their faces and corresponding gesticulations of their hands. The overall sculptural decoration has a natural and harmonious appearance without being exaggerated in the typically flamboyant and exaggerated Baroque mode.
- Town Hall and Astronomical Clock
The Olomouc Town Hall building, which dominates the Upper Square (Horní náměstí), has been for more than six centuries a symbol of economic and political importance of the former royal capital of Moravia.
Today it is the most important monument of non-religious architecture in Olomouc and, besides the Archbishop’s Palace and six ancient churches, it is the only monument with public or representative function still serving its original purpose today, accommodating the headquarters of the elected city government and its office.
The construction of the Olomouc Town Hall with a mercantile house was allowed by a privilege from the Moravian Margrave Jost of Luxembourg in 1378.
- Olomouc fountains
The set of six Baroque fountains is a unique monument of Olomouc. The large stone fountains bear figural decoration, drawing on ancient mythology.
Today they markedly determine the contemporary face of the city. They are evidence of architectural and artistic development of the city, which had been almost destroyed in the Thirty Years War. They are therefore to be understood as a symbol of the rebirth of the city. The set of fountains completes the seventh Arion Fountain designed by the famed sculptor and native of Olomouc Ivan Theimer. In 2007, another offspring of Olomouc fountains was unveiled – the The Spring of Living Water of St. John Sarkander fountain located in the courtyard of the Chapel of St. Jan Sarkander. Columns are an interesting feature of the city as well. Not only the above-mentioned column of the Holy Trinity Column, but also for example The Marian Plague column on the Lower Square (Dolní náměstí), which commemorates the victims of the plague of the 18th Century.
- Buildings and palaces
Historic houses and palaces, especially those lining the Upper Square and its adjoining streets, enhance the ancient impression of the city. The opulent palaces and townhouses are a dignified counterpart to religious architecture and make an integral part of the historic city centre.
The most important palaces include the Baroque Archbishop’s Palace or the Renaissance Edelmann’s Palace with a richly decorated facade. Also noteworthy is the Romanesque Bishop’s Palace, formerly better known as the Přemyslid Palace, which belonged to the very top of European Romanesque architecture. Western and northern perimeter walls with double and triple Romanesque windows have been preserved. The palace is open to the public.
The Olomouc Town Hall, an important Renaissance monument, is the main landmark of the Upper Square, which you can also view from the Town Hall tower. The other historical stages have left their mark in Olomouc as well, such as the Art Nouveau villa Primavesi – one of the architectural gems, which you certainly shouldn’t forget on your tour of Olomouc. Modern architecture adding a contemporary look to the city is also represented.
- Cathedrals, churches and chapels
Olomouc is a unique complex of landmarks, including churches, cathedrals and chapels, whose monumentality can be admired in many parts of the city center.
They will guide us across historical epochs and architectural styles from Romanesque to Neo-Gothic. The main landmark among cathedrals is the St. Wenceslas Cathedral and the Baroque domes of the St. Michael’s Church.
Most of the churches are accessible to the public, so now you too can enjoy the religious atmosphere of the interiors of many churches and chapels of Olomouc.
Other remarkable buildings include the former Hradisko Monastery which houses a military hospital today and the Archbishop’s Palace, where Olomouc archbishops have resided since the 16th century. Franz Joseph I. of the House of Habsburg ascended the Imperial throne in this early Baroque palace in 1848. Pope John Paul II. stayed here during his visit in Olomouc.
- Length of program: by selecting 1-3 hours